Climate Summit in Egypt: That’s Decided

published

Sharm El SheikhThis was decided at the UN climate conference in Egypt

The poorest countries have been demanding money for climate damages for three decades. They should get this now. The phasing out of coal production was also reaffirmed.

1 / 5

Representatives from more than 200 countries participated in the UN climate conference.

IMAGO/TT

The poorest countries have been demanding money for climate damages for three decades.  Now the world community has decided on a pot for it.

The poorest countries have been demanding money for climate damages for three decades. Now the world community has decided on a pot for it.

IMAGO/TT

It is said that 34,000 participants traveled to Egypt.

It is said that 34,000 participants traveled to Egypt.

IMAGO/TT

that’s what it’s all about

  • In 2015, the international community agreed in Paris to limit warming to 1.5 degrees compared to pre-industrial times.

  • The climate summit in Egypt took place seven years later.

  • The conference, which saw some 34,000 participants travel to the Red Sea, went into extra time on Friday night.

It is a breakthrough after decades of debate: for the first time, the world climate conference has agreed on a common fund to compensate weather damage agreed in the poorest countries. In their final declaration early Sunday morning, the 200 or so states also reaffirmed their earlier decision to phase out coal.

a farewell to oil and gas but not mentioned. Therefore, the declaration does not meet the demands of many states, climate activists and experts who see an end to dependence on dirty energy sources as an imperative.

Climate conference extended by more than 36 hours

The new equalization fund is intended to cushion the inevitable consequences of global warming, which are becoming more frequent. droughts, floods and storms, but also the rise in sea level and desertification. The question was the main point of discussion at the two-week conference in Sharm el-Sheikh, which spanned more than 36 hours. The decision does not mention any amount for the new fund or who exactly should pay. This will become clearer later. Developing countries that are particularly at risk should be favoured.

In the final declaration, states are also called upon to improve their largely inadequate climate protection plans by the next climate conference at the latest. This will take place in the United Arab Emirates at the end of 2023. Upgrades remain voluntary, there is no obligation.

34,000 participants traveled to Egypt

The conference, which saw some 34,000 participants travel to the Red Sea, went into extra time on Friday night. On Saturday night, after slow and sometimes chaotic processes, there was concern in the negotiating circles. After hard deliberations, the breakthrough finally came through early Sunday morning.

The United States initially blocked the new compensation fund, while the group of more than 130 developing countries known as the G77 lobbied along with China. After initial reluctance, the European Union finally changed its mind.

UN Secretary General António Guterres called the new climate damage fund an important step towards justice. “Certainly that is not enough, but it is an urgently needed signal to rebuild lost trust.” Foreign Minister Annalena Baerbock (Greens) said: “We are opening a new chapter in climate policy.”

China’s controversial role

One of the controversial aspects of the issue is the role of China. The country, which ranks first in emitting climate-damaging emissions, wants to continue to be treated as a developing country in international climate protection. This was stipulated in the Kyoto Protocol 30 years ago. Western countries no longer want to classify the country as a receiving country because of its economic power and its role as the largest emitter of greenhouse gases. China’s negotiator, Xie Zhenhua, said developing countries should receive the money, but gave priority to “vulnerable states.”

With the urgent need to contain global warming, environmental organizations give the conference insufficient testimony. The “dismal result” goes no further than last year’s climate conference, criticized Oxfam’s climate expert Jan Kowalzig. It was not even possible to put a clear focus on the expansion of renewable energy, which was mainly due to resistance from Saudi Arabia.

In 2015, the international community agreed in Paris to limit warming to 1.5 degrees compared to pre-industrial times. The world has now warmed up a good 1.1 degrees, Germany even more. According to scientific warnings, exceeding the 1.5 degree mark significantly increases the risk of triggering so-called tipping elements in the climate system and thus uncontrollable chain reactions.

Do not miss more news

With the daily update you stay informed about your favorite topics and don’t miss any more news about world news.
Receive the most important information directly in your mailbox every day.

(dpa/fos)

Leave a Comment